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    MBA英语联考词汇辨析

    来源:未知    时间:2014-03-21   点击数:

    1. I really appreciate ___________ to help me, but I am sure that I will be able to manage by myself.
       A. you to offer                                B. your offering
       C. that you offer                              D. that you are offering
    2. If he __________ the storekeeper’s scissors, he would have forgotten to buy a pair.
       A. would not see                               B. has not seen
       C. had not seen                                D. were not to see
    3. My father did not go to New York; the doctor suggested that he ___________ go there.
       A. not to                                      B. won’t        
       C. does not                                    D. not
    4. Copernicus maintained that the earth __________ round the sun.
       A. moves                                       B.moved       
       C. moving                                      D. move
    5. My wallet is nowhere to be found. I ___________ it when I was on the bus.
       A. must drop                                   B. had dropped
       C. must have dropped                           D. should have dropped
    6. __________he works hard, I don’t mind when he finishes the experiment.
       A. As soon as                                  B. As well as    
       C. So far as                                   D. So long as
    7. The grocer deals in tea, coffee, spices, and ____________.
       A. so much                                     B. etc.           
       C. so forth                                    D. alike
    8. The box is ____________.
       A. too heavy that I cannot lift it             B. too heavy for me to lift
       C. so heavy for me to lift                     D. too heavy for lifting
    9. You may borrow the book ___________ you keep it clean.
       A. such as                                     B. so as to        
       C. so long as                                  D. as for
    10.He sun heats the earth, ___________ is very important to living things.
       A. that                                        B. what         
       C. which                                       D. as

    1.【答案】B
    【解析】appreciate”感激”后面要求跟名词或动名词作宾语。如果动名词的施动者是主语本身.后面就直接跟动名词;如果主语是受动者,
    则需用现在分词的被动式,如:I appreciate being invited to your birthday party;如果动词的动作是由另一人发出而又需点明施动者时,
    则需用表示施动者的名词所有格或物主代词修饰动名词,本题即如此。

    2.【答案】C
    【解析】本题测试虚拟语气过去时。

    3.【答案】D
    【解析】suggest的宾语从句谓语需用虚拟语气(should)+动词原形。要求宾语从句谓语用虚拟语气的这类动词还有:insist/demand/recommend/urge/
    request/propose/advise/require/order/move/ask/desire/decide/determine/arrange等。

    4.【答案】A
    【解析】本题测试的是一般现在时的用法之一:凡表述永恒的真理或客观规律的情况均用一般现在时而不管主句谓语用的是什么时态。

    5.【答案】C
    【解析】must have done用以推断过去某个时间或到说话时为止的一段时间内必定发生了某事。在这种句子中必须有一个表示过去某个时间的时间状语或根据上下文可以明确判定谈论的是过去。

    6【答案】D
    【解析】so long as可作”只要”讲,引导条件状语从句。as soon as意为”一……就……”,引导时间状语从句。as well as则作”不仅……而且……,既……又……”讲。so far as一般用在”so far as…be concerned”中,意为”就……而论”。

    7【答案】C
    【解析】and so forth表示”……等等,……一类”,虽然etc.(et cetera)也表示”……等等”,但用法与and so forth不同:etc.前面不能有and,因为在拉丁语中et就相当于英语的and。另外需注意的是,在列举人名时不宜用etc.
    (可以用et al)。与and so forth具有相同意思的词组还有and so forward,and the like,and others,and so on等。

    8【答案】B
    【解析】”too…to…”结构表示”太……以至于不能……”,相当于”so…that+否定式谓语”,例如:He is too young tO join the army.他太小了,不能参军。这个句子可改写为:He is so young that he can’t join the army.
    上述例句中不定式的逻辑主语十分清楚。有时在too后面常使用不定式的复合结构(即for sb.to do sth.).例如:I think the text is too long for you to recite.我认为课文太长了,你背不了。

    9【答案】C
    【解析】such as引导出同位语,对名词起列举作用,例如:Romance languages,such as French and Spanish,are spoken in Latin America.罗曼语,如法语、西班牙语等,通行于拉丁美洲。so as to相当于in order to,引导的不定式用作目的状语,
    意为”为了,以便于”,例如:Metallic surface should be greased so as to decrease friction.金属表面必须涂上油脂,以减少摩擦。as for作”至于……,就……而言”讲,放在句首相当于”as far as…be concerned”,
    例如:As for this kind of rare metal,it will be further studied. 对这
    种稀有金属要作进一步的研究。so long as或as long as可以引导条件状语从句,表示”只要……”,例如:As long as you keep away from him,you are safe.只要你不和他掺和在一起,你就会很安全。可见只有C项适合本题。

    10答案】C
    【解析】根据句子结构,此处是非限制性定语从句,由于that不能引导非限制性定语从句,因此A项错误。what作关系代词,相当于”that which;the thing which”,可以引导名词性从句但不能引导定语从句,故B项不正确。
    which在此处引导一个非限制性定语从句,修饰前面整个句子,所以C项为正确答案。as虽也可以引导定语从句,但多和such或the same连用,如:Such people as knew Tom thought he was a talented young man.认识汤姆的人都认为他是一个有才华的青年。

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